Passion for the Carneddau

Generations of people have inherited a passion for the Carneddau; be that derived from working on the landscape in the farming and quarrying industries or not.

The Carneddau Landscape Partnership’s projects are capturing and recording place names, proverbs, cultural and farming traditions, people’s memories and local histories, to help ensure that the unique cultural heritage of the Carneddau is preserved. The scheme has been working with community groups around the Carneddau to develop projects that celebrate the landscape through art, literature and legend. Follow the links below to find out more about our cultural heritage projects.

Cultural Heritage Projects
local Carneddau farmers preparing for the gathering


The connection between Carneddau’s residents and agriculture dates back over the centuries. The ancient communal tradition of gathering livestock off the mountains remains to this day. Agriculture has tied the Carneddau communites together over time, be that through gathering, shearing or notching sheep’s ears.

Read more about the Carneddau's Agriculture

Literature and Poetry

The character, beauty and breath taking views of the Carneddau mountains has inspired many authors and poets including John T. Jôb who wrote a verse of his famous poem, Ffarwel i Eryri, dedicated to Cwm Pen-llafar before he left for South Wales.

Instead of portraying the positive aspects of the Carneddau landscape, Caradog Prichard, the poet and novelist from Bethesda, focused on the severity of the community and the environment in his iconic novel, Un Nos Ola Leuad.

Hugh Derfel Hughes wrote Llawlyfr Carnedd Llewelyn in 1864 – a first of mountain handbook of it’s kind in any language.

The Mountains

Some say that some of the mountains were named after the Princes and Rulers of Gwynedd from the thirteenth century.

  • Carnedd Dafydd was named after  Dafydd ap Llewelyn, the Prince of Gwynedd and one of Llewelyn Fawr’s sons, or was named after Dafydd ap Gruffydd one of Llewelyn Fawr’s grandchildren.
  • Carnedd Llewelyn was named after Llewelyn ap Iorwerth (Llewelyn Fawr) or was named after Llewelyn ap Gruffydd (Llewelyn ein Llyw Olaf).
  • Yr Elen was named after Eleanor de Montfort, Llewelyn ap Gruffydd’s wife.
Pen Yr Ole Wen overlooking Glyderau mountain range and Cwm Idwal nature reserve
sheep folds in the Carneddau
Statement of Significance

Learn more about the Cultural Heritage of the Carneddau. Download the document below.

Statement of Significance